Alerts

Provide contextual feedback messages for typical user actions with the handful of available and flexible alert messages.

Examples

Alerts are available for any length of text, as well as an optional dismiss button. For proper styling, use one of the four required contextual classes (e.g., .alert-success). For inline dismissal, use the alerts jQuery plugin.

Boosted also adds a dedicated icon for each contextual class, matching functional colors in palette:

  • danger,
  • warning,
  • info,
  • success.

Icons are centered by default, but you may top align them using .align-items-start utility for multiple lines alerts.

<div class="alert alert-success" role="alert">
  <p class="mb-0">A simple success alert — check it out!</p>
</div>
<div class="alert alert-danger" role="alert">
  <p class="mb-0">A simple danger alert — check it out!</p>
</div>
<div class="alert alert-warning" role="alert">
  <p class="mb-0">A simple warning alert — check it out!</p>
</div>
<div class="alert alert-info" role="alert">
  <p class="mb-0">A simple info alert — check it out!</p>
</div>
Conveying meaning to assistive technologies

Using color to add meaning only provides a visual indication, which will not be conveyed to users of assistive technologies – such as screen readers. Ensure that information denoted by the color is either obvious from the content itself (e.g. the visible text), or is included through alternative means, such as additional text hidden with the .sr-only class.

Sizes

Alerts come with a smaller variant: .alert-sm.

<div class="alert alert-info alert-sm" role="alert">
  <p class="mb-0">You have new updates available. <a href="#">View updates</a></p>
</div>
<div class="alert alert-info" role="alert">
  <p class="mb-0">You have new updates available. <a href="#">View updates</a></p>
</div>

Dark background

<div class="bg-dark p-3">
    <div class="alert alert-sm alert-success" role="alert">
        <p class="mb-0">Your changes have been saved.</p>
    </div>
    <div class="alert alert-success" role="alert">
        <p class="mb-0">Your changes have been saved.</p>
    </div>
    <div class="alert alert-info" role="alert">
        <p class="mb-0">You have new updates available. <a href="#">View updates</a></p>
    </div>
    <div class="alert alert-warning" role="alert">
        <p class="mb-0">Your subscription expires in two weeks. <a href="#">Update subscription</a></p>
    </div>
    <div class="alert alert-danger" role="alert">
        <p class="mb-0">
            There were some errors with your submission.
            <span class="d-block font-weight-normal">You need to select your home country.</span>
        </p>
    </div>
</div>

Additional content

Alerts can also contain additional HTML elements like headings, paragraphs and dividers.

As of Boosted, it’s recommended to wrap your additional content in a <div> to ensure proper alignment.

<div class="alert alert-success" role="alert">
  <div>
      <h4 class="alert-heading">Well done!</h4>
      <p>Aww yeah, you successfully read this important alert message. This example text is going to run a bit longer so that you can see how spacing within an alert works with this kind of content.</p>
      <hr>
      <p class="mb-0">Whenever you need to, be sure to use margin utilities to keep things nice and tidy.</p>
  </div>
</div>

Dismissing

Using the alert JavaScript plugin, it’s possible to dismiss any alert inline. Here’s how:

  • Be sure you’ve loaded the alert plugin, or the compiled Boosted JavaScript.
  • If you’re building our JavaScript from source, it requires util.js. The compiled version includes this.
  • Add a dismiss button and the .alert-dismissible class, which adds extra padding to the right of the alert and positions the .close button.
  • On the dismiss button, add the data-dismiss="alert" attribute, which triggers the JavaScript functionality. Be sure to use the <button> element with it for proper behavior across all devices.
  • To animate alerts when dismissing them, be sure to add the .fade and .show classes.

You can see this in action with a live demo:

<div class="alert alert-success alert-sm alert-dismissible fade show" role="alert">
  <p class="mb-0">Your changes have been saved.</p>
  <button type="button" class="close" data-dismiss="alert">
      <span class="sr-only">Close</span>
  </button>
</div>
<div class="alert alert-warning alert-dismissible fade show" role="alert">
  <p class="mb-0">
      Holy guacamole!
      <span class="d-block font-weight-normal">You should check in on some of those fields below.</span>
  </p>
  <button type="button" class="close" data-dismiss="alert">
      <span class="sr-only">Close</span>
  </button>
</div>
<div class="bg-dark p-3">
    <div class="alert alert-lg alert-danger alert-dismissible fade show mb-0" role="alert">
        <p class="mb-0">
            Your changes have been saved.
            <span class="d-block font-weight-normal">You may now log-in with the username you have chosen.</span>
        </p>
        <button type="button" class="close" data-dismiss="alert">
            <span class="sr-only">Close</span>
        </button>
    </div>
</div>

JavaScript behavior

Triggers

Enable dismissal of an alert via JavaScript:

$('.alert').alert()

Or with data attributes on a button within the alert, as demonstrated above:

<button type="button" class="close" data-dismiss="alert">
    <span class="sr-only">Close</span>
</button>

Note that closing an alert will remove it from the DOM.

Methods

Method Description
$().alert() Makes an alert listen for click events on descendant elements which have the data-dismiss="alert" attribute. (Not necessary when using the data-api’s auto-initialization.)
$().alert('close') Closes an alert by removing it from the DOM. If the .fade and .show classes are present on the element, the alert will fade out before it is removed.
$().alert('dispose') Destroys an element’s alert.
$('.alert').alert('close')

Events

Boosted’s alert plugin exposes a few events for hooking into alert functionality.

Event Description
close.bs.alert This event fires immediately when the close instance method is called.
closed.bs.alert This event is fired when the alert has been closed (will wait for CSS transitions to complete).
$('#myAlert').on('closed.bs.alert', function () {
  // do something...
})